Online crime grew with the evolution of the Internet, which in turn resulted in the need to organize and protect public use in order to maintain a secure space where data and intangible money could be stored, shared and transferred legally, and where personal data could be shared securely. Within that context, legal protection had to cover all possible legal issues and aspects, whether related to commerce, personal and human rights and procedural acts, with regard to the collection of evidence in electronic form, specifically electronic evidence and electronic signatures.In view of all the above, there was a need to review international conventions and national laws that had adopted cyber legislation at the early stages in order to build up a comprehensive index showing the main topics to be regulated in order to secure cyberspace.
This study reviews the status of those local and international laws within the ESCWA region. In addition, specific examples of legislative principles help to illustrate the benefits and challenges of enacting more comprehensive cyber legislation. Such information can enable policymakers and legal professionals to determine legislative priorities for their jurisdictions. The study was created after an exhaustive review of cyber legislation at the international, regional and national levels. It analyses the following topics:
(a) protection of individual and personal data;
(b) protection of privacy and freedom of information in the electronic communications sector;
(c) copyrights, neighbouring rights and industrial property rights within the information society;
(d) electronic transactions;
(e) e-commerce; and
(f) cyber crimes.
Chapters - preview
I. MODELS FOR CYBER LEGISLATION
A. Survey of legal texts
B. Cyber legislation in the ESCWA region
C. Analysis of current cyber or cyber-related legislation in the ESCWA region
II. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DRAFTING A MODEL CYBER LAW IN
THE ESCWA REGION
A. Mechanism for enacting cyber legislation